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How to open Terminal on Mac
Contents:
  1. How to Use Terminal: The Basics « pavenlyatifa.gqrm
  2. How to Open Terminal/Command Line
  3. Hint Options
  4. Find the Absolute Path to a folder or directory in Mac OS X

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Go ahead and open up the Terminal. Once that pops up, type in "Terminal" and hit "Enter". A little white box will pop up, and we will see the name of the computer. We are going to go over some of the most key, essential ones:. The command, pwd , stands for "Print Working Directory. This stands for "change directory" or, in simpler terms, change which folder we are in. When using the command, cd , we can tell it which way to move by adding more to the command.

How to Use Terminal: The Basics « pavenlyatifa.gqrm

Now that we are in a folder, we might want to see what is in that folder. When running the command, ls , it will show us everything in that folder. This command does exactly what it sounds like; it "clears" your terminal out. Sometimes a clean slate is easier when trying to focus. However, you only have to know a handful of basic commands to start feeling comfortable.

How to Open Terminal/Command Line

On a Mac, the most common application for command line gymnastics is "Terminal. It comes pre-installed with every Mac OS X system.

You'll find it in the "Applications" folder, inside the "Utilities" subfolder. On Windows, following the installation guidelines earlier in this book will provide you with an application called "Git Bash".

Hint Options

As the name already implies, the command line is used to execute commands: you type something and confirm the command by hitting ENTER. Most of these commands are dependent on your current location - where "location" means a certain directory or path on your computer.


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So, let's issue our first command to find out where we currently are:. You can easily remember this command when you know what it stands for: " p rint w orking d irectory". It will return the path to a local folder on your computer's disk. To change this current working directory, you can use the "cd" command where "cd" stands for " c hange d irectory". For example, to move one directory upwards into the current folder's parent folder , you can just call:.

Find the Absolute Path to a folder or directory in Mac OS X

This sign stands for your user account's home folder. Also very important is the "ls" command that lists the file contents of a directory. I suggest you always use this command with two additional options: "-l" formats the output list a little more structured and "-a" also lists "hidden" files which is helpful when working with version control.

Showing the contents of the current directory works as follows:. When trying to delete a folder, however, please note that you'll have to add the "-r" flag which stand for "recursive" :. Melioratus Melioratus 3 3 bronze badges. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password.

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